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Brexit Boon Seen for European Cities Poaching London Bankers



Thousands of jobs at London’s largest financial institutions are at risk of leaving the country after the U.K. voted to exit the European Union. The cities most likely to reap the benefits include Paris, Frankfurt and Dublin.

A majority of voters were not swayed by warnings from international bank bosses, the International Monetary Fund and politicians that high-paid financial jobs could leave Britain, as 52 per cent voted to depart the EU and 48 per cent backed remaining.

The U.K. will now negotiate the terms of its exit, a process that can take two years from when secession is triggered. Bank jobs most at risk are those trading products governed by Markets in Financial Instruments Directive (MiFID II) — EU rules covering everything from derivatives trading to bond pricing. Securities governed by MiFID II must be traded in the EU, unless Britain negotiates the continuation of its so-called passporting rights.

Paris is already a major hub for London-based HSBC Holdings Plc, Europe’s biggest bank. Frankfurt is Europe’s second-largest financial center, with a pool of talent to match. Dublin offers exiled bankers the English language and a similar legal system, and Amsterdam and Luxembourg are two more contenders a short flight away. They’re all keen for the jobs.

“Dublin, Frankfurt and Paris are likely to benefit the most from a Brexit,” said Joerg Rocholl, president of the ESMT Berlin business school.

It’s not just London that may see an exodus. Banks saved money opening back offices in places like Bournemouth, England, where JPMorgan Chase & Co. employs 4,000. Chief Executive Officer Jamie Dimon flew to Bournemouth this month, appearing with Chancellor of the Exchequer George Osborne in a televised address to say those jobs were at risk.

“We will maintain a large presence in London, Bournemouth and Scotland,” Dimon and two senior executives said Friday in a joint statement. “We may need to make changes to our European legal entity structure and the location of some roles. While these changes are not certain, we have to be prepared to comply with new laws as we serve our clients around the world.”


Societe Generale SA CEO Frederic Oudea has said Brexit may provide “renewed opportunities” to develop financial activities in the French capital, which retains the head offices of the nation’s biggest lenders but whose importance as a banking hub has waned since its heyday decades ago.

HSBC CEO Stuart Gulliver said in February that his firm has about 1,000 investment bankers whose work is linked to MiFID II and would probably need to move to Paris, where HSBC acquired the former CCF bank in 2000.

The Negatives: High taxes on the wealthy and labor laws increasing the burden on employers, including the 35-hour work week. The French Banking Federation asked the government this month for “a strong signal on tax” to make Paris a more attractive location. “The competitive disadvantage is such that Paris today would only be ranked 5th as a ‘fall-back position’ in Europe for the financial sector in the event of Brexit,” wrote Marie-Anne Barbat-Layani, the group’s CEO.


“Frankfurt has essential location advantages that other European sites don’t have,” said ESMT’s Rocholl.

Germany’s financial capital has more than a million square feet (92,900 square meters) of vacant offices, roughly the same floor space as the One Canada Square tower in London’s Canary Wharf. It also has the stock exchange operated by Deutsche Boerse AG, the Eurex derivatives hub and the European Central Bank, which has taken over regional banking supervision. Frankfurt’s financial superpower is Deutsche Bank AG, whose chief John Cryan has signaled Brexit would mean trading activities leave the U.K., possibly moving to Germany.

It would be “counter-intuitive” to trade euro-zone products such as Italian government bonds out of London if Britain was no longer part of the EU, Cryan told investors recently. Deutsche Bank employs about 9,000 people in London.

Hubertus Vaeth, the managing director of Frankfurt Main Finance, a marketing group promoting the city, says “there’s the potential for up to 10,000 positions to be relocated to Frankfurt over a five-year time-frame.”

The Negatives: Germany’s strict employment laws and high taxes are deterrents. Frankfurt was once a major currency-trading hub; while some predicted the introduction of the single European currency would give Frankfurt an edge, dealing instead migrated to London.

There is also the matter of Frankfurt’s somewhat staid reputation. Some expats posted to Germany prefer Berlin or Munich.


The Irish capital is  home to back-office and servicing divisions for international banks, and its government has been aggressively courting firms to relocate for years. A 12.5 per cent corporate tax rate helps.

IDA Ireland, the foreign investment agency, has already pitched to U.K. and international lenders including Standard Chartered about relocating hundreds of traders and support staff in the event of a Brexit, people familiar with the matter said in May. Brexit could push about 6 billion euros (US$6.7 billion) of investment into Ireland, the nation’s debt office said, adding Dublin would be an “obvious” choice for financial companies.

Banks that have moved some operations to Ireland include Switzerland’s Credit Suisse Group AG, which said in December it would make Dublin its primary hub for servicing hedge funds in Europe and move staff from London. Morgan Stanley President Colm Kelleher, who is Irish, said his firm may make its European headquarters in Dublin, or Frankfurt if a Brexit occurred.

The Negatives: A relative lack of office space and high personal tax rates.


The smallest of the Benelux nations competes with London and Frankfurt to be the preeminent hub for banks and fund managers to export their services across the EU. While it once relied on the lure of bank secrecy and tolerance of multinationals’ tax-avoidance structures, Luxembourg’s swift adoption of EU laws and rules for “passporting” fund administration and other services have swelled assets under management at its banks.

Credit Suisse has been stepping up operations in Luxembourg as a gateway to clients in the EU. Pictet & Cie. and Lombard Odier, Geneva’s two largest private banks, are also expanding their bases in Luxembourg.

The Negatives: Diversions outside the office: with a population not much above 100,000, Luxembourg City is one of the smallest capital cities in the EU.


The Dutch city, a cradle of modern capitalism, was the home of the world’s first central bank and the first joint-stock company. It’s home to banks including ING Groep NV. Due to a unique Dutch system of collective retirement provision, it’s also home to some of the world’s biggest pension funds, including Stichting Pensioenfonds ABP.

It’s also known for a system of trust firms that help facilitate the “Dutch turn” tax arrangement, which has lured many overseas multinationals. In the late 1970s, the Dutch started so-called advance-pricing agreements, where foreign companies agree to leave a tiny amount of income in the Netherlands to be taxed in exchange for being permitted to route profits through the country. Yahoo! Inc., Google Inc. and Cisco Systems Inc. have used Dutch subsidiaries to cut taxes.

“The Dutch have always had a strong Anglo-Saxon as well as international business orientation,” Harald Benink, a banking and finance professor at Tilburg University near the Belgian border, said by phone. “If lenders say: ‘We’re worried about our access to the European market,’ then Amsterdam is the perfect place for them to relocate to, given the historically deep ties to capital markets.”

ING Chief Ralph Hamers said in February that the Amsterdam-based lender would probably follow other major banks in reducing its London staffing levels if the U.K. withdraws from the EU. The Dutch bank employs 650 people in London.

“If some of the megabanks, the markets banks, leave London, we will go with the flow,” he said in an interview. “Either the circus of the financial markets is located in London, or it’s going to be somewhere else.”

The Negatives: There is some lingering hostility toward bankers after the national trauma of bailing out the centuries-old ABN Amro during the financial crisis. The Dutch implemented the European Union’s toughest compensation caps on the financial industry in 2014, limiting bonuses at banks and insurers to 20 per cent of fixed salaries. The Netherlands also imposes some of the highest domestic capital ratios on banks in Europe, and the Dutch don’t host as many big corporations for banks to service as the French or Germans.

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Beauty Week is back at Hudson’s Bay in Toronto and it’s time to get glam



Beauty enthusiasts rejoice! Beauty Week at Hudson’s Bay is back in Toronto for another year. It’s time to stock up on all of your fall essentials and, maybe discover some new ones. 

From Friday, August 18 to Sunday, August 27, you can expect a truly elevated beauty experience in-store with incredible special offers, limited-time gifts, and exciting activations. 

If you’re a diehard beauty lover, you’ll already know that Hudson’s Bay is the place to shop thanks to its extensive range of over 195 skin and makeup brands from both luxury labels and masstige brands — including Tata Harper, Estée Lauder, YSL, Nars Cosmetics, Bobbi Brown, and so much more.

Throughout The Bay’s Beauty Week, visitors can take in some at-counter activations and interactive expert-led tutorials, where there will be chances to get makeup touch-ups from top-tier brands, try a spritz of the most alluring fragrances, and sample tons of new products.

This year’s Beauty Week highlight is the ‘Best in Beauty’ tote, a meticulously-curated selection of 30 deluxe samples from an array of top-tier brands like Dr. Barbara Sturm and Shiseido spanning skincare, fragrance, and makeup — all in a super sleek bag.

The tote, which is valued at over $300, is retailing for just $39 and is a fantastic way to explore new products (without breaking the bank). However, there is a limited quantity, so if you want to get your hands on one, you’ll need to be fast.

Wondering exactly what Beauty Week’s free gifts with purchases entail? If you spend over $95 at Lancôme, you will receive a six-piece set valued at $130. Or, you can get an Estée Lauder gift valued at $170 with purchases over $80. (And that’s just to name a few.)

If you’re a Hudson’s Bay Rewards member, you’ll also get $20 in Hudson’s Bay rewards when you spend over $100 on beauty.

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The Canadian Armed Forces are hiring for several non-combat military jobs



The Canadian Armed Forces (CAF) have several non-combat jobs, some of which do not require a college degree or past work experience.

Life in the forces has several benefits, such as paid education plans (college, university and graduate-level programs), 20 paid vacation days, health and dental coverage for you and your family, maternity and paternal leave, and pension plans. You can learn more about the benefits in detail here.

And to make it easier to gauge if you qualify, the listings also include related civilian jobs to see if it’s your ideal role.

Financial services administrator

Related civilian jobs: Financial records entry clerk, financial manager, accounting technician, bookkeeper, budget officer, cashier clerk, business planner technician, and verification manager.

Description: You’ll help budget resources for all military activities besides providing financial assistance.

Education: You need to have completed Grade 10.

Duties: As a financial services administrator, you’ll be responsible for bookkeeping and managing budgets. You’ll also provide support in accounts payable and accounts receivable.

Work environment: Those in this role work at CAF bases, on ships or overseas. You might also be expected to help special operation units, recruiting offices, schools, and medical organizations.

Postal clerk

Related civilian jobs: Mail clerk, mail sorter.

Description: You’ll provide postal services to members and their families at bases and establishments.

Education: Grade 10. No previous work experience or related career skills are required.

Duties: As the postal clerk, you’ll handle mail duties.

Work environment: Besides a postal office, you may work on a ship or a mobile postal van. You might be expected to serve with Royal Canadian Navy, the Army, and the Royal Canadian Air Force in Canada and abroad.

Dental technician

Related civilian jobs: Dental assistant, dental hygienist.

Description: You’ll be helping dental officers provide dental services to CAF members, their families, and dependents.

Education: Level II dental assisting diploma from an accredited college or a National Dental Assisting Examining Board (NDAEB) certificate.

Duties: Those in this role will be responsible for various responsibilities, including disinfection and sterilization of dental equipment, applying rubber dams, placing cavity liners, and controlling bleeding. In addition, you’ll assist in laboratory procedures like creating casts, custom trays, and mouthguards.

Work environment: This role will require you to work in a military dental clinic, a Mobile Dental Clinic, an Air Transportable Dental System, or onboard a ship. You might be expected to work on a base in Canada or other operations in other parts of the world.

Human resources administrator

Related civilian jobs: Records administrator, data entry supervisor, receptionist, office manager, executive assistant, payroll clerk, and information management technician.

Description: Provide administrative and general human resources support.

Education: Grade 10. No previous work experience or related career skills are required.

Duties: In addition to human resources administration and services, you’ll be handling pay and allowances, managing automated pay systems, and maintaining personnel records.

Work environment: HR administrators work at all CAF bases in Canada. They also work on ships and overseas to support the Canadian Army, Royal Canadian Navy, or Royal Canadian Air Force operations.

Medical assistant

Related civilian jobs: Emergency medical responder, ambulance and first aid attendant, registered nursing assistant, licensed practical nurse, and hospital orderly.

Description: Successful candidates will help treat the sick and injured in CAF units. You’ll be assisting and supporting nursing and medical officers.

Education: Minimum of Grade 11 biology, Grade 10 physics or chemistry, and Grade 10 math.

Duties: You’ll provide initial care and essential life support treatments in trauma cases. You’ll help with health assessments (hearing and vision tests, perform basic lab procedures, etc.) and initiate and manage medical records and reports. You’ll also be expected to provide support and first aid during training exercises.

Work environment: Medical assistants may serve with the Royal Canadian Navy, the Royal Canadian Air Force or the Canadian Army as part of the Canadian Forces Health Services Group. Those in this role are exposed to the same risks as the forces they support.

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Porter’s new loyalty program promises to match Air Canada’s Aeroplan status



Porter Airlines is once again stirring the pot among Canadian airline rivals, now going after Air Canada’s Aeroplan members by offering to match their loyalty status to an equivalent of their own.

The beloved airline, which recently ranked as having the best cabin service in North America, challenged the competition for the second time this year, after previously deploying a similar tactic against WestJet in the spring. 

Earlier in April, Porter presented customers with a limited-time offer to match the loyalty status of WestJet’s patrons with VIPorter levels.

Now, they’re offering Aeroplan members to seamlessly transition to an equivalent VIPorter Avid Traveller status based on their existing membership tier.

Members can then take advantage of an array of travel perks that come with flying Porter, including seat selection, baggage, and flight changes.

For those currently holding an Aeroplan membership, there are two ways to acquire the Avid Traveller status for the rest of 2023:

Status-Based Match:
  • Aeroplan 25K members = VIPorter Venture
  • Aeroplan 35K members = VIPorter Ascent
  • Aeroplan 50K, 75K, and Super Elite = VIPorter First
Flight Segments-Based Match:
  • 5 flight segments = VIPorter Passport
  • 8 segments = VIPorter Venture
  • 17 segments = VIPorter Ascent
  • 28 or more segments = VIPorter First

Members will have to first submit their applications on Porter’s website. Registration will remain open until September 6, 2023.

In order to maintain their membership level through 2024, customers will have until the end of 2023 to reach the following reduced qualifying spend (QS) targets:

  • Passport = $500 in QS
  • Venture = $750 in QS
  • Ascent = $1500 in QS
  • First = $2500 in QS

Over the past year, Porter has launched an aggressive expansion strategy, including everything from introducing longer flights on newly-purchased jet planes flying out of Toronto Pearson, free WiFi, and a new all-inclusive economy experience.

With Canadians losing both Swoop and Sunwing as WestJet incorporates both into their mainline business, Porter’s direct competition is welcome to keep prices competitive.

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